Image of the Month

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Image of the Month
Posted Date: December 1, 2012
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Figure 6. (a) Scanning electron microscope image of a 200 nm wide Pt line; (b) 3D topographic of a 2.5 μm x 2.5 μm region where the 200 nm wide Pt line lies on top of a 1 μm wide Pt line; (c) thermal image of the same region shown in panel b. The temperature rise of the 200 nm line is seen to be lower in the region where it intersects the 1 μm wide line because the 1 μm wide Pt line acts as a fin.

Microscope: RHK Technology, Customized UHV7500 STM/AFM

Control System: RHK Technology SPM1000

Credits – Kyeongtae Kim, Wonho Jeong, Woochul Lee, and Pramod Reddy – University of Michigan, Ann Arbor

Reference – ACS Nano, 2012, 6 (5), pp 4248–4257

Abstract – Understanding energy dissipation at the nanoscale requires the ability to probe temperature fields with nanometer resolution. Here, we describe an ultra-high vacuum (UHV)-based scanning thermal microscope (SThM) technique that is capable of quantitatively mapping temperature fields with ∼15 mK temperature resolution and ∼10 nm spatial resolution. In this technique, a custom fabricated atomic force microscope (AFM) cantilever, with a nanoscale AuCr thermocouple integrated into the tip of the probe, is used to measure temperature fields of surfaces. Operation in an UHV environment eliminates parasitic heat transport between the tip and the sample enabling quantitative measurement of temperature fields on metal and dielectric surfaces with nanoscale resolution. We demonstrate the capabilities of this technique by directly imaging thermal fields in the vicinity of a 200 nm wide, self-heated, Pt line. Our measurements are in excellent agreement with computational results; unambiguously demonstrating the quantitative capabilities of the technique. UHV-SThM techniques will play an important role in the study of energy dissipation in nanometer-sized electronic and photonic devices and the study of phonon and electron transport at the nanoscale.
Keywords: scanning thermal microscopy . ultrahigh vacuum . quantitative temperature profiling . nanoscale thermal contact . thermocouple probe

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Image of the Month
Posted Date: October 1, 2012
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Description:
Microscope: RHK Technology UHV 300 STM
Control System: RHK Technology SPM1000 Control System

Credits:
Jose A. Hinojosa Jr., Jason F. Weaver – Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Florida, Gainesville

Reference:
Surface Science 605 (2011) 1797–1806

Abstract:
We used scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) to characterize PdO(101) thin films grown on Pd(111), and the structural changes that occur during isothermal decomposition.We find that the PdO(101) thin films have high-quality surface structures that are characterized by large, crystalline terraces with low concentrations of point defects. Small domains of single-layer oxide are also present on the top layer of relatively thick PdO(101) films grown at 500 K. The thinner PdO(101) films exhibit negligible quantities of such domains, apparently because new domains agglomerate rapidly as the film thickness decreases. We find that the isothermal decomposition rate of a PdO(101) film at 720 K exhibits an autocatalytic regime in which the rate of oxygen desorption increases as the oxide decomposes. Our STM results demonstrate that reduced sites created during oxide decomposition catalyze further PdO decomposition, and reveal strong kinetic anisotropies in the decomposition. The kinetic anisotropies produce one-dimensional reaction fronts that propagate preferentially along the atomic rows of the PdO(101) surface, resulting in the formation of long chains of reduced sites.We also find that reduced sites promote oxygen recombination in neighboring rows of the Pd(101) structure, causing loops and larger aggregates of reduced sites to form. The promotion of decomposition across the atomic rows can qualitatively explain the autocatalytic desorption kinetics. Finally, the STM images provide evidence that underlying PdO(101) layers transfer oxygen to reduced surface domains, thus producing large domains of PdO(101) islands that coexist with reduced domains as well as the larger PdO(101) terraces of the initial surface. Re-oxidation of the surface acts to sustain the autocatalytic decomposition kinetics, and provides a mechanism for oxygen atoms to ultimately evolve from the subsurface of the PdO(101) film.

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Image of the Month
Posted Date: September 1, 2012
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Microscope: RHK Technology UHV300
Control System: RHK Technology SPM 1000

Credits:

Hidong Kima, Otgonbayar Dugerjava,Ganbat Duvjir a, Huiting Lia, Seunghun Jangb, Moonsup Hanb, B.D. Yub, Jae M. Seoa

a Department of Physics and Institute of Photonics and Information Technology, Chonbuk National University, Jeonju 561-756, Republic of Korea

b Department of Physics, University of Seoul, Seoul 130-743, Republic of Korea

Reference: H. Kim et al. / Surface Science 606 (2012) 312–319

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Image of the Month
Posted Date: August 1, 2012
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Microscope:  RHK UHV300

Controller:  RHK SPM1000

Credits:
P. A. Bennett, Zhian He, David J. Smith and F. M. Ross
Physics Department, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287 USA
School of Materials, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287 USA
IBM T. J. Watson Research Center, Yorktown Heights NY 10598 USA

Reference: Thin Solid Films – Vol. 519, Issue 24, 3 October 2011, p. 8434-8440

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